In case you’re an addicted coffee drinker, you’ve most likely pondered exactly how many the number of types of coffee there are and what makes them different. We have the answer for that!
There are four distinct types of coffee beans: Arabica, Robusta, Liberica, and Excelsa. The most well-known are Arabica and Robusta, however, you may luck out and run into the other two. Continue to peruse to become familiar with these delightful beans, in addition to convenient purchasing tips.
4 Types of Coffee Beans
- Arabica Coffee Beans (Coffea arabica)
Arabica beans are by a wide margin the most well-known type of coffee beans, making up about 60% of the world’s coffee. These scrumptious beans started many centuries ago prior in the highlands of Ethiopia, and may even be the primary coffee beans ever consumed! The name Arabica probably comes from the beans’ popularity in seventh-century Arabia (present-day Yemen).
The drawback of Arabica beans is that they’re hard to grow. Along these lines, Arabica beans are pricier, all coffee beans grow in the Bean Belt, a region between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, in 50 nations throughout the planet. Be that as it may, Arabica beans need additional shade, water, and high altitude to grow appropriately. These plants are easier to expose to plant diseases and should be grown at a height of no less than 2,000 feet. They’re additionally small plants, estimating somewhere in the range of 8 and 15 feet when completely grown.
- Robusta Coffee Beans (Coffea canephora)
The second most well-known kind of coffee bean is Robusta. This bean started in sub-Saharan Africa and is presently grown fundamentally in Africa and Indonesia. It is also well known in Vietnam and is often blended into coffee mixes. It’s a more affordable type, settling on it a very cheap choice for roasters.
Robusta beans are bigger and more rounded than the other bean assortments. These plants grew a lot bigger than Arabica plants, estimating somewhere in the range of 15 and 20 feet. Robusta beans are regularly viewed as hardier because they can develop at lower altitudes and resist diseases. In any case, recent research recommends that they don’t deal with heat just as was recently suspected.
- Liberica Coffee Beans (Coffea liberica)
Native to central and western Africa specifically Liberia, subsequently its name Coffea Liberica is valued for its interesting smell and strong, smoky flavour profile. This hard species is habitually blended in with different varieties to add body and complexity, yet infrequently gets any credit. Incomprehensible in Western civilization before the last part of the 1800s, Liberica acquired traction with Southeast Asian coffee makers after a fungal disease (“coffee rust”) cleared out a large part of the locale’s Arabica crops.
Growing much bigger plant than Arabica or Robusta, most Liberica cherries usually be abnormal in shape and quite similar to Robusta in terms of size and overall appearance. It’s additionally lenient toward hot, humid environments and gets along nicely at low altitudes. Now, it is produced majorly in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines and the bean makes up generally 2% of the world’s coffee supply. More than 95% per cent of the Malaysian coffee yield is Liberica beans. Notwithstanding, it’s not usually found in the North American and European markets.
- Excelsa Coffee Beans (Coffea excelsa or Coffea liberica var. dewevrei)
The fourth significant kind of coffee bean is called Excelsa. However it was once viewed as a different coffee species, scientists recently renamed it as a Liberica variation. Excelsa beans grow almost entirely in Southeast Asia, and they’re shaped to some degree like Liberica beans (elongated ovals). These beans grow on enormous 20 to 30-foot coffee plants at medium altitudes.
What Kind of Coffee Bean Should You Choose?
Now that you know the major kinds of coffee beans, it’s time to begin shopping! If you need the most ideal flavour and wouldn’t fret paying some extra, search for coffee that is 100% Arabica. If you prefer additional caffeine, want to save some cash, and wouldn’t fret a little bitterness? Go for Robusta or a mix of Arabica and Robusta such as Nescafe brand is the most well-known brand in Malaysia that you can get the taste of a mix of Arabica and Robusta. Visit Hargapedia today to discover the latest coffee price including Nescafe Malaysia and get claim exciting free vouchers from well-known retailers in Malaysia such as Lazada, Shopee, etc.
If you’d prefer to have something different, search for Liberica or Excelsa beans yet be ready for a more extensive search! These uncommon espresso beans can be flavourful yet difficult to come by.
As usual, we suggest purchasing raw bean coffee and crushing it before brewing. The additional work is well worth it, as you’ll get better flavour and freshness, regardless of which type of coffee bean you pick. Incidentally, do you know where the coffee beans come from.